It is a statement of human condition in the background of the traditional ritual art, Ayilyam. The Pulluvan’s family is more in focus than the Ayilyam ritual. The poverty of the family is glaring, but they are traditionally destined to play the instrument and sing in praise of Nagaraja, the Serpent God every year for a small amount of money. On the Ayilyam day the ritualistically conceived Kolam or floral pattern is painted on the ground and other rituals are observed. It is the religious duty of the family to sing the whole day and night. This painting and all other similar paintings emphasize the artist’s desire to expose to natives and foreigners some of the salient features of his native land Kerala and its religion, society, culture, art and customs.