The soul of India lies in its tribes. Despite habitat loss and diminishing livelihoods, the tribal communities strive to preserve and practice their traditions. The contemporary tribal art helps us partake in its living heritage. It represents their culture, living traditions and creative expressions. The term tribes, paints our mind with images of bright colours, ornate costumes and intricately hand-made designs. There lies the vibrancy and aesthetics of the tribal art forms.
Every ethnic group has its own style and pattern of art. The ethnocentric sensibilities are effectively captured on the canvas by various artists. Madhubani paintings of Bihar, Patachitra paintings of Odisha, Gond paintings and other such tribal arts are unique in its own ways. The artists have incorporated contemporary themes without disturbing their traditional styles. They deliver a colourful kaleidoscope of culture on canvas to enhance the elegance of our walls.
Originally, this art flourished in the hamlets of Mithila, Bihar. The ethnic group used these art forms to decorate their house walls so as to seek God’s blessing for peace and prosperity. The artists elaborately use figures from nature and mythology, which are enticing. The geometrical designs used to fill up the gaps express a sense of satisfaction and create a sensuous outburst. These instinctively made heritage paintings on the canvas majestically ornate the edifices of modern times. These colourful, vibrant and detailed artworks kindle the sensory perceptions gently.
Warli tribes of Maharasta practiced Warli art forms. Amid different art forms with riot of colours, these paintings use only white pigment subtly on a red background. The ebullience of their content balances this subtlety. It captures simplicity, harmony and unity through its triangles and circles. The artists beautifully portray the values of inter-relationship and inter-dependence of all life on the canvas using these geometric symbols.
Use of bright vivid colours like red, blue, green and yellow is a striking uniqueness of Gond paintings. Dots and dashes give a sense of movement to the still images. Experience the true essence of Indian culture through these tribal arts revived and preserved by the artists through their acrylics and oil paints on the canvas.
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